A guest worker program is where people who are immigrants to a country and in need of jobs can apply for temporary work visas. Then they work for a U.S landowner or farmer who is required to give them food, housing, and pay. Once the visa is up then the workers go right back to being immigrants again. It provides benefits for both parties.
Workers get jobs and the ability to earn a wage, and the landowners get some extra help. The primary reason landowners apply for an h2a guest worker program is because they don’t have enough local workers applying for the job and they need to get their (oftentimes sensitive) jobs finished.
The U.Ss has several programs that businesses and owners can apply for, with h2a being the first of several programs. They allow for immigrants to legally and safely cross the border and work hard to get paid while applying for citizenship. Plus, when it comes to needing help for seasonal or part time farm work, like getting a harvest picked and brought in, the program can make up for labor shortages.
Plus, most of those migrant workers are using every cent they get to send money back to their homes and families. This can help defeat poverty for those families, as many of them rely upon the money they get from those who work abroad. The program can benefit both countries, with more work being done by immigrants in the U.S. and then that money going to the home countries of the immigrants such as Mexico.
While the plan does have its enemies and critics, the guest worker programs allow for people who want to work abroad to be connected with those landowners who desperately need work. So it’s a win-win for everyone involved.